HR Interview Questions

Tell me about yourself: -
The most often asked question in interviews. You need to have a short statement prepared in your mind. Be careful that it does not sound rehearsed. Limit it to work-related items unless instructed otherwise. Talk about things you have done and jobs you have held that relate to the position you are interviewing for. Start with the item farthest back and work up to the present.

Why did you leave your last job? - Stay positive regardless of the circumstances. Never refer to a major problem with management and never speak ill of supervisors, co-workers or the organization. If you do, you will be the one looking bad. Keep smiling and talk about leaving for a positive reason such as an opportunity, a chance to do something special or other forward-looking reasons.

What experience do you have in this field? - Speak about specifics that relate to the position you are applying for. If you do not have specific experience, get as close as you can.

Do you consider yourself successful? - You should always answer yes and briefly explain why. A good explanation is that you have set goals, and you have met some and are on track to achieve the others.

What do co-workers say about you? - Be prepared with a quote or two from co-workers. Either a specific statement or a paraphrase will work. Jill Clark, a co-worker at Smith Company, always said I was the hardest workers she had ever known. It is as powerful as Jill having said it at the interview herself.

What do you know about this organization? - This question is one reason to do some research on the organization before the interview. Find out where they have been and where they are going. What are the current issues and who are the major players?

What have you done to improve your knowledge in the last year? - Try to include improvement activities that relate to the job. A wide variety of activities can be mentioned as positive self-improvement. Have some good ones handy to mention.

Are you applying for other jobs? - Be honest but do not spend a lot of time in this area. Keep the focus on this job and what you can do for this organization. Anything else is a distraction.

Why do you want to work for this organization? - This may take some thought and certainly, should be based on the research you have done on the organization. Sincerity is extremely important here and will easily be sensed. Relate it to your long-term career goals.

Do you know anyone who works for us? - Be aware of the policy on relatives working for the organization. This can affect your answer even though they asked about friends not relatives. Be careful to mention a friend only if they are well thought of.

What kind of salary do you need? - A loaded question. A nasty little game that you will probably lose if you answer first. So, do not answer it. Instead, say something like, That’s a tough question. Can you tell me the range for this position? In most cases, the interviewer, taken off guard, will tell you. If not, say that it can depend on the details of the job. Then give a wide range.

Are you a team player? - You are, of course, a team player. Be sure to have examples ready. Specifics that show you often perform for the good of the team rather than for yourself are good evidence of your team attitude. Do not brag, just say it in a matter-of-fact tone. This is a key point.

How long would you expect to work for us if hired? - Specifics here are not good. Something like this should work: I’d like it to be a long time. Or As long as we both feel I’m doing a good job.

Have you ever had to fire anyone? How did you feel about that? - This is serious. Do not make light of it or in any way seem like you like to fire people. At the same time, you will do it when it is the right thing to do. When it comes to the organization versus the individual who has created a harmful situation, you will protect the organization. Remember firing is not the same as layoff or reduction in force.

What is your philosophy towards work? - The interviewer is not looking for a long or flowery dissertation here. Do you have strong feelings that the job gets done? Yes. That’s the type of answer that works best here. Short and positive, showing a benefit to the organization.

If you had enough money to retire right now, would you? - Answer yes if you would. But since you need to work, this is the type of work you prefer. Do not say yes if you do not mean it.

Have you ever been asked to leave a position? - If you have not, say no. If you have, be honest, brief and avoid saying negative things about the people or organization involved.

Explain how you would be an asset to this organization - You should be anxious for this question. It gives you a chance to highlight your best points as they relate to the position being discussed. Give a little advance thought to this relationship.

Why should we hire you? - Point out how your assets meet what the organization needs. Do not mention any other candidates to make a comparison.

Tell me about a suggestion you have made - Have a good one ready. Be sure and use a suggestion that was accepted and was then considered successful. One related to the type of work applied for is a real plus.

What irritates you about co-workers? - This is a trap question. Think real hard but fail to come up with anything that irritates you. A short statement that you seem to get along with folks is great.
What is your greatest strength? - Numerous answers are good, just stay positive. A few good examples: Your ability to prioritize, Your problem-solving skills, Your ability to work under pressure, Your ability to focus on projects, Your professional expertise, Your leadership skills, Your positive attitude .

Tell me about your dream job: - Stay away from a specific job. You cannot win. If you say the job you are contending for is it, you strain credibility. If you say another job is it, you plant the suspicion that you will be dissatisfied with this position if hired. The best is to stay genetic and say something like: A job where I love the work, like the people, can contribute and can’t wait to get to work.

Why do you think you would do well at this job? - Give several reasons and include skills, experience and interest.

What kind of person would you refuse to work with? - Do not be trivial. It would take disloyalty to the organization, violence or lawbreaking to get you to object. Minor objections will label you as a whiner.

What is more important to you: the money or the work? - Money is always important, but the work is the most important. There is no better answer.

What would your previous supervisor say your strongest point is? - There are numerous good possibilities: Loyalty, Energy, Positive attitude, Leadership, Team player, Expertise, Initiative, Patience, Hard work, Creativity, Problem solver

Tell me about a problem you had with a supervisor - Biggest trap of all. This is a test to see if you will speak ill of your boss. If you fall for it and tell about a problem with a former boss, you may well below the interview right there. Stay positive and develop a poor memory about any trouble with a supervisor.

What has disappointed you about a job? - Don’t get trivial or negative. Safe areas are few but can include: Not enough of a challenge. You were laid off in a reduction Company did not win a contract, which would have given you more responsibility.

Tell me about your ability to work under pressure. - You may say that you thrive under certain types of pressure. Give an example that relates to the type of position applied for.

Do your skills match this job or another job more closely? - Probably this one. Do not give fuel to the suspicion that you may want another job more than this one.

What motivates you to do your best on the job? - This is a personal trait that only you can say, but good examples are: Challenge, Achievement, Recognition

Are you willing to work overtime? Nights? Weekends? - This is up to you. Be totally honest.

How would you know you were successful on this job? - Several ways are good measures: You set high standards for yourself and meet them. Your outcomes are a success.Your boss tell you that you are successful

Would you be willing to relocate if required? - You should be clear on this with your family prior to the interview if you think there is a chance it may come up. Do not say yes just to get the job if the real answer is no. This can create a lot of problems later on in your career. Be honest at this point and save yourself future grief.

Are you willing to put the interests of the organization ahead of your own? - This is a straight loyalty and dedication question. Do not worry about the deep ethical and philosophical implications. Just say yes.

Describe your management style. - Try to avoid labels. Some of the more common labels, like progressive, salesman or consensus, can have several meanings or descriptions depending on which management expert you listen to. The situational style is safe, because it says you will manage according to the situation, instead of one size fits all.

What have you learned from mistakes on the job? - Here you have to come up with something or you strain credibility. Make it small, well intentioned mistake with a positive lesson learned. An example would be working too far ahead of colleagues on a project and thus throwing coordination off.

Do you have any blind spots? - Trick question. If you know about blind spots, they are no longer blind spots. Do not reveal any personal areas of concern here. Let them do their own discovery on your bad points. Do not hand it to them.

If you were hiring a person for this job, what would you look for? - Be careful to mention traits that are needed and that you have.

Do you think you are overqualified for this position? - Regardless of your qualifications, state that you are very well qualified for the position.

How do you propose to compensate for your lack of experience? - First, if you have experience that the interviewer does not know about, bring that up: Then, point out (if true) that you are a hard working quick learner.

What qualities do you look for in a boss? - Be generic and positive. Safe qualities are knowledgeable, a sense of humor, fair, loyal to subordinates and holder of high standards. All bosses think they have these traits.

Tell me about a time when you helped resolve a dispute between others. - Pick a specific incident. Concentrate on your problem solving technique and not the dispute you settled.
What position do you prefer on a team working on a project? - Be honest. If you are comfortable in different roles, point that out.

Describe your work ethic. - Emphasize benefits to the organization. Things like, determination to get the job done and work hard but enjoy your work are good.

What has been your biggest professional disappointment? - Be sure that you refer to something that was beyond your control. Show acceptance and no negative feelings.

How do you define success…and how do you measure up to your own definition?

Give a well-accepted definition of success that leads right into your own stellar collection of achievements.

Example: “The best definition I’ve come across is that success is the progressive realization of a worthy goal.”

“As to how I would measure up to that definition, I would consider myself both successful and fortunate…”(Then summarize your career goals and how your achievements have indeed represented a progressive path toward realization of your goals.)

Tell me about the most fun you have had on the job. - Talk about having fun by accomplishing something for the organization.

Do you have any questions for me? - Always have some questions prepared. Questions prepared where you will be an asset to the organization are good. How soon will I be able to be productive? and What type of projects will I be able to assist on? are examples.

SQL Server 2005 -Interview Questions for Biginners

• If I want to see what fields a table is made of, and what the sizes of the
fields are, what option  do I have to look for?
• What is a query?
• A SQL query is typed in the _________ .
• What is the purpose of the model database?
• What is the purpose of the master database?
• What is the purpose of the tempdb database?
• What is the purpose of the USE command?
• If you delete a table in the database, will the data in the table be deleted too?
• What is the Parse Query button used for? How does this help you?
• Tables are created in a ____________________ in SQL Server 2005.
• What is usually the first word in a SQL query?
• Does a SQL Server 2005 SELECT statement require a FROM?
• Can a SELECT statement in SQL Server 2005 be used to make an assignment?
Explain with examples.
• What is the ORDER BY used for?
• Does ORDER BY actually change the order of the data in the tables or does it just
change the output?
• What is the default order of an ORDER BY clause?
• What kind of comparison operators can be used in a WHERE clause?
• What are four major operators that can be used to combine conditions on a WHERE
clause? Explain the operators with examples.
• What are the logical operators?
• In a WHERE clause, do you need to enclose a text column in quotes? Do you need to
enclose a numeric column in quotes?
• Is a null value equal to anything? Can a space in a column be considered a null
value? Why or why not?
• Will COUNT(column) include columns with null values in its count?
• What are column aliases? Why would you want to use column aliases? How can you
embed blanks in column aliases?
• What are table aliases?
• What are table qualifiers? When should table qualifiers be used?
• Are semicolons required at the end of SQL statements in SQL Server 2005?
• Do comments need to go in a special place in SQL Server 2005?
• When would you use the ROWCOUNT function versus using the WHERE clause?
• Is SQL case-sensitive? Is SQL Server 2005 case-sensitive?
• What is a synonym? Why would you want to create a synonym?
• Can a synonym name of a table be used instead of a table name in a SELECT
statement?
• Can a synonym of a table be used when you are trying to alter the definition
of a table?
• Can you type more than one query in the query editor screen at the same time?
• The INSERT INTO .. VALUES option will insert rows into the _________ of a table.
• While you are inserting values into a table with the INSERT INTO .. VALUES
option, does the order of the columns in the INSERT statement have to be the
same as the order of the columns in the table?
• While you are inserting values into a table with the INSERT INTO .. SELECT
option, does the  order of the columns in the INSERT statement have to be
the same as the order of the columns in the table?
• When would you use an INSERT INTO .. SELECT option versus an INSERT INTO .. VALUES   option? Give an example of each.
• What does the UPDATE command do?
• Can you change the data type of a column in a table after the table has been
created? If so,which command would you use?
• Will SQL Server 2005 allow you to reduce the size of a column?
• What integer data types are available in SQL Server 2005?
• What is the default value of an integer data type in SQL Server 2005?
• What decimal data types are available in SQL Server 2005?
• What is the difference between a CHAR and a VARCHAR datatype?
• Does Server SQL treat CHAR as a variable-length or fixed-length column?
Do other SQL implementations treat it in the same way?
• If you are going to have too many nulls in a column, what would be the best
data type to use?
• When columns are added to existing tables, what do they initially contain?
• What command would you use to add a column to a table in SQL Server?
• In SQL Server, which data type is used to store large object data types?
• If I do not need to store decimal places, what would be a good numeric data
type to use?
• I I need to store decimal places, but am not worried about rounding errors,
what would be a    good  data type to use?
• Should a column be defined as a FLOAT if it is going to be used as a primary key?
• What is a join? Why do you need a join?
• What is an INNER JOIN?
• Which clause[s] can be used in place of the JOIN in Server SQL?
• What is the Cartesian product?
• What would be the Cartesian product of a table with 15 rows and another table
with 23 rows?
• List some uses of the Cartesian product.
• What is an equi-join?
• What is a non-equi-join? Give an example of an non-equi-join.
• What is a self join? Give an example of a self join.
• What is a LEFT OUTER JOIN?
• What is a RIGHT OUTER JOIN?
• What is a CROSS JOIN?
• What is a FULL OUTER JOIN?


• Does Server SQL allow the use of *= to perform outer joins?
• What is the maximum number of rows that a self join can produce?
• For what kinds of joins will the associative property hold?
• What would be the Cartesian product of the two sets {a,b,c} and {c,d,e}?
• What are functions?
• What are aggregate functions? Give examples of aggregate functions.
What is another term for   an aggregate function?
• What are row-level functions? Give examples of row-level functions.
• Is COUNT an aggregate function or a row-level function? Explain why.
Give at least one   example of when the COUNT function may come in handy.
Does the COUNT function take nulls into account?
• Is AVG an aggregate function or a row-level function?
• What is the NULLIF function? Explain.
• How are ties handled in SQL Server?
• How does the DISTINCT function work?
• Are string functions (for example, SUBSTRING, RIGHT, LTRIM) aggregate
functions or row- level functions?
• What is the SUBSTRING function used for?
• What is the CHARINDEX function used for?
• What function would you use to find the leftmost characters in a string?
• What are the LTRIM/RTRIM functions used for?
• What function would produce the output in all lowercase?
• What function would you use to find the length of a string?
• What characters or symbols are most commonly used as wildcard characters in
SQL Server 2005?
• What is the concatenation operator in Server SQL 2005?
• What does the YEAR function do?
• What does the MONTH function do?
• What does the GEtdATE function do?
• What will the following query produce in SQL Server 2005?
o SELECT ('.....'+ names) AS [names]
o FROM Employee

• Does Server SQL allow an expression like COUNT(DISTINCT column_name)?
• How is the ISNULL function different from the NULLIF function?
• What function would you use to round a value to three decimal places?
• Which functions can the WITH TIES option be used with?
• What clause does the WITH TIES option require?
• What is the default date format in SQL Server 2005?
• How do dates have to be entered in Server SQL 2005?
• What function is used to convert between data types?
• What function is useful for formatting numbers?
• What function is useful for formatting dates?
• Which has precedence, AND or OR?
• Why do we need derived structures?
• What is a view?
• List some advantages of using views.
• List some advantages of using temporary tables.
• Can temporary tables replace views in all cases?
• What is the difference between a view and temporary table?
• What is the difference between a local temporary table and global temporary table?
• If data is changed in a view, is it changed in the original table?
• If data is changed in a temporary table, does it automatically change data in
the original table?
• What happens to local temporary tables after the session has been ended?
• What happens to global temporary table after the session has been ended?
• Which type of temporary table has a system-generated suffix attached to it?
What does this    suffix mean?
• Why are inline views helpful?
• In SQL Server, is the ORDER BY clause allowed during the creation of a view?
• Is SELECT INTO allowed in a view? Why or why not?
• Where is the data stored in a view?
• How do you delete views?
• How do you delete a temporary table?
• Do you need to delete a local temporary table? Why or why not?
• Which operators have the highest/lowest precedence?
• In SQL Server, if a column of FLOAT data type were divided by a column of REAL
data type,what data type would the resulting column have? (Hint: refer to the
section on Data Type    Preference.)
• Is an ORDER BY clause necessary when you use a DISTINCT? Why or why not?
• What are the major differences between the UNION operation and the JOIN operation?
• What is the major difference between the UNION and the UNION ALL?
• What major set operator does SQL Server 2005 not have? How can these problems
be resolved?
• What does union compatibility mean?
• What data types are union-compatible?
• What is the maximum number of rows that can result from a UNION of two tablesone
with 5 rows and the other with 6 rows?
• How can a UNION be used to implement an outer join? Explain.
• Does SQL Server 2005 support the MINUS operation? How can this be resolved? Give    examples.
• What is a full outer join? Does SQL Server 2005 directly support a full outer join?
• Do you need the same number of columns to perform a union?
• Do you need the same data types to perform a union?
• Do you need the same number of columns to perform a join?
• From the examples given in the chapter, what does the UNION JOIN appear to do?
• If a VARCHAR column were unioned with a CHAR column, what would the resulting
column be?
• What does set compatibility mean?
• What is the maximum number of rows that can result from a INTERSECT of two
tablesone with 5 rows and the other with 6 rows?
• Do you need the same number of columns to perform an INTERSECT operation?
• Do you need the same data types to perform an INTERSECT operation?
• What is a subquery?
• Which part of the query/subquery is considered the inner query, and which part
is considered the  outer query?
• Can a subquery always be done as a join? Why or why not?
• When writing a query that will have a subquery, how do you determine which
table/tables will go in the outer query?
• Which predicate can usually be reformulated into a join?
• When using operators, are many values acceptable from a result of a subquery?
• What can you do to insure a working subquery?
• What do aggregate functions do?
• How does the GROUP BY clause work?
• What is the difference between a GROUP BY and ORDER BY?
• What is the HAVING clause used for?
• Can the WHERE clause always be considered a substitute for the HAVING clause? Why or why    not?
• Do functions of functions have to be handled in a special way in Server SQL 2005?
• Will nulls in grouped columns be included in a result set?
• How do aggregate functions treat nulls?
• Does the sequence of the columns in a GROUP BY clause have an effect on the end result?
• When would it not make sense to use the GROUP BY and DISTINCT functions together?
• Is GROUP BY affected by nulls?
• Which comes first in a SELECT statement, an ORDER BY or GROUP BY? Why?
• The GROUP BY and ________________ clauses are used together.
• What is a noncorrelated subquery?
• Which type of subquery can be executed on its own?
• Which part of a query is evaluated first, the query or the subquery?
• What are correlated subqueries?
• What does the EXISTS predicate do?
• What are considered universal qualifiers?
• Is correlation necessary when we use EXISTS? Why?
• Explain how the "for all" type SQL query involves a double-nested correlated subquery using    the NOT EXISTS predicate.
• What is an index?
• Does an index slow down updates on indexed columns?
• What is a constraint?
• How many indexes does SQL Server 2005 allow you to have on a table?
• What command would you use to create an index?
• Is there a difference between an index and a constraint?
• What is the default ordering that will be created by an index (ascending or descending)?
• When can the UNIQUE option be used?
• What does the IGNORE NULL option do?
• How do you delete an index?
• What does the NOT NULL constraint do?
• What command must you use to include the NOT NULL constraint after a table has already    been created?
• When a PRIMARY KEY constraint is included in a table, what other constraints does this    imply?
• What is a concatenated primary key?
• How are the UNIQUE and PRIMARY KEY constraints different?
• What is a referential integrity constraint? What two keys does the referential integrity     constraint usually include?
• What is a foreign key?
• What does the ON DELETE CASCADE option do?
• What does the ON UPDATE NO ACTION do?
• Can you use the ON DELETE and ON UPDATE in the same constraint?